Important Dates

About Diyarbakır

Diyarbakır and its environs have maintained their moisture in every period since prehistoric times with Anatolia and Mesopotamia; A natural transition path between Europe and Asia served as a bridge, therefore it has carried the historical and cultural heritage of various civilizations to the present day.

Çayönü Hill near Ergani, which gives the most beautiful example of the oldest agricultural village communities in Anatolia, sheds light not only on our regional history but also on the history of world civilization with its history dating back 10,000 years. With its history of 9,300 years, Çayönü is an important historical landmark from nomadic village life, hunting and gathering to food production.

Diyarbakir province is ready to be transformed into a center of attraction in terms of culture and faith tourism as an alternative to tourism that has spread to a certain part of Turkey. The city is a window to Turkey's tourism from the east. Whether it is faith tourism or culture tourism, the city is almost an open-air museum. The city, which is the land where humanity first came to a settled life, where writing was found, where laws determining the order of society were written, where firsts such as temples were experienced, where civilizations such as Sumerian, Babylonian, Persian, Assyrian, Hurri contributed to the development of world civilization were established, has a rich cultural treasure.

Diyarbakir, located in southeastern Anatolia region, has its castle, its inner castle, its various monumental structures symbolizing the development of urban history with all its phases, its traditional residential structure and its cultural identity reflecting the documentary values left by the great civilizations that dominated it today. It is considered one of the most important cities not only in Turkey but also in the whole world. The city is almost an open-air museum with its historical potential. It was a witness of the period of the city which was the cradle of many civilizations and contains traces of every civilization that came.

Diyarbakır Castle (Fortifications of Diyarbakır)
Diyarbakır Castle is considered to be second in the world after the Great Wall of China in terms of length and first in terms of oldness and height. The date of establishment of the fortifications is unknown. In 349, the Byzantine Emperor II. Constantine surrounded the city with walls against the Sassanids, making it the military and administrative center of the region. It consists of two parts, the inner and outer Castle.

The Great Mosque of Diyarbakır
Ulu Cami, the largest and most famous of the historical mosques in the city, is one of the first and oldest mosques in Anatolia. Diyarbakir Ulu Cami, interpreted as a reflection of the famous Damascus Umayyad Mosque, is the 5th largest mosque in the Islamic world. It is regarded as a harem-I Sharif. There are two mosques (Hanafi and Shafiq), two madrasas(Mesudiye and Zinciriye), east-west maksure, minaret, ablutions and a large rectangular courtyard in the middle of this complex. The sundial in the courtyard, which dates back more than 900 years, is the work of the famous scholar Al-Jaziri.

As it is located on important roads and is a rich commercial city, accommodation structures such as han and caravanserai are very common in Diyarbakir. Since it is made with basalt stones from the volcanic Karacadağ, it is very intact and the embroideries on the stones have survived to the present day without much damage. The most famous inns are Deliller Hanı, Hasan Paşa Hanı, Sülüklü Han, Çifte Han and Yeni Han.