Having completed his dental education at Ankara University in 1999, Dr. Burak Bilecenoğlu started his studies in the field of anatomy following his graduation. While working as a private practitioner, he started his Ph.D. education in Clinical Anatomy in Meram University Faculty of Medicine in 2001 and completed his studies at Ankara University Faculty of Medicine in 2007. After continued his scientific studies in Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine for four years, Dr. Burak Bilecenoğlu has been serving as a lecturer and associate professor in the Anatomy Department of the Faculty of Dentistry of Ankara University since 2011. After leaving his professional dental career in 2014, Dr. Burak Bilecenoğlu continues his studies on the anatomy of temporomandibular joint, radiological anatomy, neuroanatomy and measurement and evaluation of basic medical sciences education.


Although clinicians learn the fundamentals of human anatomy throughout their education, most have not understood or forgotten the relationship between anatomical structures and its relevance to clinical applications since then. With millions botulinum toxin injections performed each year, it is essential that clinicians revisit important anatomical relationships to decrease complications, achieve satisfactory results and to improve patient outcomes.

As patients age, due to atrophy in bony structures and deflection of soft tissue with deterioration and deflation of skin many changes occur. To maximize the benefits of botox, clinicians must also understand the 3-dimensional location of various muscles of facial expression. In addition, especially the 3-dimensional anatomy of muscles of mastication is crucial to the clinician in order to treat various diseases by botox. In this lecture, 3-dimensional anatomy of the face, facial muscles and muscles of mastication will be discussed for a better understanding of facial anatomy to decrease complications, achieve satisfactory results and to maximize patient safety.