Prof. Dr. Ayşegül M. Tüzüner Öncül, graduated from Hacettepe University, Faculty of Dentistry (2000) after she finished the TED Ankara Collage, Private High School. She finished the combined PhD and specialty program of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery in Ankara University, Faculty of Dentistry. In 2009, she made a fellowship on ‘Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Primary and Secondary Cleft lip and Palate Surgery, Orthognathic Surgery and Facial Reconstruction’ in Dalhousie University, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Queen Elizabeth II Health Center and IWK Children Hospital, Halifax, Novascotia, Canada. She had the degree of Prof. Dr. in Ankara University, Faculty of Dentistry Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery in 2012. Dr. Tuzuner Oncul has internationally and nationally, 42 scientific publications, 76 presentations, 6 invited speaker presentations and more than 80 reported citations. Dr. Tuzuner Oncul is married and mother of one.

Botox Applications in Dentistry and Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Botulinum toxin (botox) is a neurotoxin secreted by the anaerobic bacterium Clostridium botulinum and was the first toxin to be used in the history of human medicine. Botox is known to cause muscular paralysis by its action on the neuromuscular junction, where it blocks acetylcholine release in cholinergic neuron synapses. In Dentistry, botox has been used mainly in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorder and hypertrophy and hyperactivity of the masticatory muscles, along with being a therapeutic option to relieve pain, gummy smile treatment and help in functional recovery from dental and oral and maxillofacial surgery. In this lecture, botox applications, their clinical results and possible complication in dentistry and oral & maxillofacial will be presented with the literature review.